OSHA Compliance

Hazard: Unprotected Roof Edge
New OSHA Code: 1910.28(b)(13)
Replaces OSHA Code: 1910.23(c)(1)
  • When work is performed less than 6 feet (1.6 m) from the roof edge, the employer must ensure each employee is protected from falling by a guardrail system, safety net system, travel restraint system, or personal fall arrest system.

  • When work is performed at least 6 feet (1.6 m) but less than 15 feet (4.6 m) from the roof edge, the employer must ensure each employee is protected from falling by using a guardrail system, safety net system, travel restraint system, or personal fall arrest system. The employer may use a designated area when performing work that is both infrequent and temporary.

  • When work is performed 15 feet (4.6 m) or more from the roof edge, the employer must: Protect each employee from falling by a guardrail system, safety net system, travel restraint system, or personal fall arrest system or a designated area. The employer is not required to provide any fall protection, provided the work is both infrequent and temporary; and Implement and enforce a work rule prohibiting employees from going within 15 feet (4.6 m) of the roof edge without using fall protection in accordance with paragraphs (b)(13)(i) and (ii) of this section

Hazard: Unprotected Skylights
New OSHA Code: 1910.28(b)(3)(i)
Replaces OSHA Code: 1910.23(a)(4)
  • Each employee is protected from falling through any hole (including skylights) that is 4 feet (1.2 m) or more above a lower level by one or more of the following:

    • Covers

    • Guardrail Systems

    • Travel Restraint Systems; or

    • Personal Fall Arrest System

Hazard: Unprotected Roof Hatch
New OSHA Code: 1910.28(b)(3)(v)(A)  
Replaces OSHA Code: OSHA 1910.23(a)(8)
  • Each employee is protected from falling through a hatchway and chutefloor hole by:

    • A hinged floor-hole cover that meets the criteria in §1910.29 and a fixed guardrail system that leaves only one exposed side. When the hole is not in use, the employer must ensure the cover is closed or a removable guardrail system is provided on the exposed sides;

    • A removable guardrail system and toeboards on not more than two sides of the hole and a fixed guardrail system on all other exposed sides. The employer must ensure the removable guardrail system is kept in place when the hole is not in use; or

    • A guardrail system or a travel restraint system when a work operation necessitates passing material through a hatchway or chute floor hole.

Hazard: Unprotected Ladder
New OSHA Code: 1910.28(b)(3)(iv)
Replaces OSHA Code: 1910.23(a)(2)
  • Each employee is protected from falling into a ladderway floor hole or ladderway platform hole by a guardrail system and toeboards erected on all exposed sides, except at the entrance to the hole, where a self-closing gate or an offset must be used. *Chains are no longer allowed for use for fall protection.

Hazard: Extension Ladder Use
New OSHA Code(s): 1918.24(c)
  • Where portable straight ladders are used, they shall be of sufficient length to extend three feet (.91 m) above the upper landing surface and be positively secured or held against shifting or slipping. When conditions are such that a straight ladder cannot be used, Jacob’s ladders meeting the requirements of 1918.23 may be used.

1918.24(e)(2)

  • Where portable straight ladders are used, they shall be of sufficient length to extend at least three feet (.91 m) above the upper landing surface.

1918.24(j)(2)

Ladders shall be fitted with slip-resistant bases and/or be positively secured or held in place to prevent slipping or shifting while in use.